To understand if sugar is a cause of cancer, we must first understand what sugar and cancer are in their most basic forms.

Sugar is a carbohydrate, commonly referred to by its chemical name of sucrose, and found in fruits, vegetables, and nuts. Cancer is a disease marked by the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells and can lead to tumors. As far back as 1924, people have speculated that sugar may cause cancer, with Dr. Otto Warburg publishing a paper on the subject.

This paper led to the concept of The Warburg Effect, which hypothesized that sugar supports the growth and survival of cancerous cells. However, it is crucial to note that sugar is needed for many processes in the body. In the food industry, sugar has many uses, from adding flavor and aroma to providing texture and volume. Although we can agree that overconsumption of sugar is bad, there is limited evidence to show a direct correlation between sugar and cancer.

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Kianne is a Food & Bakery Scientist with 7+ years of experience in the industry supporting brands such as DiGiorno pizza, Toll House cookie dough, and Buitoni pasta. Kianne holds a B.S. in Bakery Science and Management from Kansas State University, and a Masters in Business Administration from the University of Kansas.